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Naturally Occurring Sclareol Diterpene Augments the Chemosensitivity of Human Hela Cervical Cancer Cells by Inducing Mitochondrial Mediated Programmed Cell Death, S-Phase Cell Cycle Arrest and Targeting Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase (MAPK)/Extracellular-Signal-Regulated Kinase (ERK) Signaling Pathway

Authors
  • Li, Wang1
  • Ping, Zhou1
  • Xuemei, Gao1
  • Minglian, Luo1
  • Hongjuan, Meng1
  • Yi, He1
  • Zhongxiang, Zhu2
  • 1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wuhan No. 1 Hospital, Wuhan, Hubei, P.R. China
  • 2 Department of Radiology, Wuhan PuRen Hospital, Wuhan, Hubei, P.R. China
Type
Published Article
Journal
Medical Science Monitor
Publisher
"International Scientific Information, Inc."
Publication Date
Jan 14, 2020
Volume
26
Identifiers
DOI: 10.12659/MSM.920248
PMID: 31935210
PMCID: PMC6978991
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Background Cervical cancer is a major threat to female health worldwide. This study was performed to study the anticancer potential of sclareol and as a chemo-sensitizing agent against human cervical cancer cells along with evaluating its effects on apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, and MAPK/ERK signaling pathway. Material/Methods MTT assay was performed to check cell viability, morphological changes were observed through phase-contrast microscopy, DAPI (4′,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole) staining and TUNEL (terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labelling) assays were performed to evaluate apoptotic effects; MMP (matrix metalloproteinase) and cell cycle analysis were examined through flow cytometry. Western blotting analysis was performed to check the protein expressions of MAPK/ERK signaling pathway and apoptosis proteins. Results Results depicted that both sclareol and cisplatin induced cytotoxic effects individually but when used in combination, it led to much more pronounced cytotoxic effects indicating a synergistic effect of sclareol on cisplatin. Sclareol treatment led to significant decrease in the levels of p-MEK and p-ERK. Significant morphological changes (including chromatin condensation, nuclear fragmentation) in cervical cancer cells were seen after treatment. Western blot showed significant alterations including increase in BAX and decrease in BCL-2 levels. An increase in the S-phase cells, indicating cell cycle arrest at S-phase was seen along with modulating the expressions of CDK-1and Cdc25C, and increase in the levels of p-CDK-1, cyclin-B1, cyclin-A, and p-Cdc25C. Conclusions Sclareol not only induced cytotoxic effects but also enhanced chemosensitivity of human cervical cancer cells towards cisplatin and these effects are mediated via MAPK/ERK signaling pathway, stimulation of apoptosis and S-phase cell cycle arrest.

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