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Natural History, Neuroradiological Workup, and Management Options of Chronic Atlantoaxial Rotatory Fixation Caused by Drug-Induced Cervical Dystonia

Authors
  • Ishikawa, Yuki
  • Kato, So
  • Ganau, Mario
  • Hirai, Shima
  • Oshima, Yasushi
  • Tanaka, Sakae
Type
Published Article
Journal
Case Reports in Orthopedics
Publisher
Hindawi Limited
Publication Date
Mar 03, 2021
Volume
2021
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1155/2021/6683268
PMID: 33763273
PMCID: PMC7946456
Source
PubMed Central
Disciplines
  • Case Report
License
Unknown

Abstract

Atlantoaxial rotatory fixation (AARF) resulting from drug-induced cervical dystonia (DICD) represents an extremely rare complication of antipsychotic treatment, requiring a comprehensive assessment of pharmacologic therapy and timely radiologic workup. We report a chronic case of Fielding type I, Pang type I AARF secondary to schizophrenia treatment in a 16-year-old girl, along with a review of the literature on the management challenges posed in this condition. In this scenario, torticollis may just represent the tip of the iceberg, and only an effective multidisciplinary approach increases the chances of satisfactory correction with closed reduction, hence avoiding the burden of more invasive treatment options.

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