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Natural experiments and long-term monitoring are critical to understand and predict marine host–microbe ecology and evolution

Authors
  • Leray, Matthieu
  • Wilkins, Laetitia G. E.
  • Apprill, Amy
  • Bik, Holly M.
  • Clever, Friederike
  • Connolly, Sean R.
  • De León, Marina E.
  • Duffy, J. Emmett
  • Ezzat, Leïla
  • Gignoux-Wolfsohn, Sarah
  • Herre, Edward Allen
  • Kaye, Jonathan Z.
  • Kline, David I.
  • Kueneman, Jordan G.
  • McCormick, Melissa K.
  • McMillan, W. Owen
  • O’Dea, Aaron
  • Pereira, Tiago J.
  • Petersen, Jillian M.
  • Petticord, Daniel F.
  • And 6 more
Type
Published Article
Journal
PLoS Biology
Publisher
Public Library of Science
Publication Date
Aug 19, 2021
Volume
19
Issue
8
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.3001322
PMID: 34411089
PMCID: PMC8376202
Source
PubMed Central
Disciplines
  • Biology and Life Sciences
  • Evolutionary Biology
  • Evolutionary Processes
  • Evolutionary Adaptation
License
Unknown

Abstract

This Essay argues that in order to truly understand how marine hosts benefit from the immense diversity of microbes, we need to expand towards long-term, multi-disciplinary research focussing on few areas of the world’s ocean that we refer to as “natural experiments,” where processes can be studied at scales that far exceed those captured in laboratory experiments.

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