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[National Database of Genotypes--ethical and legal issues].

Authors
  • Franková, Vera
  • Tesínová, Jolana
  • Brdicka, Radim
Type
Published Article
Journal
Casopís lékar̆ů c̆eských
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2011
Volume
150
Issue
7
Identifiers
PMID: 22026259
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

National Database of Genotypes--ethical and legal issues The aim of the project National Database of Genotypes is to outline structure and rules for the database operation collecting information about genotypes of individual persons. The database should be used entirely for health care. Its purpose is to enable physicians to gain quick and easy access to the information about persons requiring specialized care due to their genetic constitution. In the future, another introduction of new genetic tests into the clinical practice can be expected thus the database of genotypes facilitates substantial financial savings by exclusion of duplicates of the expensive genetic testing. Ethical questions connected with the creating and functioning of such database concern mainly privacy protection, confidentiality of personal sensitive data, protection of database from misuse, consent with participation and public interests. Due to necessity of correct interpretation by qualified professional (= clinical geneticist), particular categorization of genetic data within the database is discussed. The function of proposed database has to be governed in concordance with the Czech legislation together with solving ethical problems.

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