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The Narratives of Shia Madurese Displaced Women on Their Religious Identity and Gender Citizenship: A Study of Women and Shi'as in Indonesia.

Authors
  • Ida, Rachmah1
  • Saud, Muhammad2
  • 1 Department of Communication, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia. [email protected] , (Indonesia)
  • 2 Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia. , (Indonesia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Religion and Health
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2021
Volume
60
Issue
3
Pages
1952–1968
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10943-020-01001-y
PMID: 32100167
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

This article explores expressions in how the local Shi'as Muslim women refugees define and interpret their religious identity and gender citizenship in post-authoritarian Indonesia. This article discusses the cases of Shias women from the Sampang Regency, East Java, Indonesia, in the aftermath of the 2012 conflict that made them internally displaced persons (IDPs, Indonesian: pengungsi). This study argues that religious identity and gender citizenship are constructed by these displaced Shias women concerning their belief as to what is considered 'true' in Islam, acquired from the 'Islamic traditions' of their local Islamic teacher (s). Their loyalty to a religious belief does not arise from any independent search for the 'true Islam' but rather from the doctrine of the teachers/spiritual leaders. Enforced loyalty to Shi'as in their everyday communal ritual practices has influenced the formation of these displaced women's religious identity as Shi'ias.

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