Purpose of ReviewBoth HIV infection and preeclampsia (PE), a pregnancy-specific disorder of hypertension and multi-system organ involvement, have high prevalence rates especially in low-to-middle-income countries. The immunoexpression of specific renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) receptors in the placenta and placental bed interface may forecast the risk of PE.Recent FindingsPreeclampsia is a leading risk factor for mortality worldwide and remains a challenge in HIV-infected individuals especially those on antiretroviral therapy (ART). Irregular RAAS stimulation may be linked to the pathophysiology of hypertension in HIV infection and in PE. The AT1 receptor is expressed across all trimesters of pregnancy, within placental tissue, eliciting vasoconstriction. This increased expression is associated with the severity of PE, implying that the increased expression may be involved in the pathogenesis of this pregnancy disorder. The AT2 receptor expression in normotensive pregnancies was shown to be lower as compared to non-pregnant individuals. Furthermore, in the PE placental bed, the AT2 receptor is the predominant receptor subtype and is found in extravillous trophoblast cells where they facilitate vasodilation. However, AT4R in placentae of PE pregnancies are found to be significantly reduced compared to normotensives pregnancies.SummaryThe data on the role played by the RAAS pathway in pregnancy is conflicting. Investigation into a tissue-based RAAS with emphasis on immune-expression within the placenta and placental bed may help resolve this conundrum.