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NAD+-malic enzyme. Regulatory properties of the enzyme from Ascaris suum.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of biological chemistry
Publication Date
Volume
251
Issue
12
Pages
3599–3602
Identifiers
PMID: 180002
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The regulatory properties of the NAD-dependent malic enzyme from the mitochondria of Ascaris suum have been studied. The malate saturation curve exhibits sigmoidicity and the degree of this sigmoidicity increases as the pH is increased. Fumarate was the only compound tested that stimulated the enzyme activity, whereas oxalacetate was the most powerful inhibitor. Activation by low levels of fumarate was found to be competitive with malate. It is proposed that this stimulation has physiological significance in controlling the dismutation reaction in the parasite. The branched-chain volatile fatty acid excretion products, tiglate, 2-methylbutanoate, and 2-methylpentanoate, inhibited the enzyme activity and this inhibition was competitive with malate. The Ki values for these compounds are in the physiological range of their concentrations; therefore, it is suggested that they may aid in controlling the malic enzyme activity in vivo. Oxalacetate inhibition of malic enzyme activity was competitive with malate, and the Ki values decreased with an increase in pH. Two alternatives are proposed which could account for the lack of oxalacetate decarboxylation by the ascarid malic enzyme.

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