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N-acetyltransferase 10 regulates alphavirus replication via N4-acetylcytidine (ac4C) modification of the lymphocyte antigen six family member E (LY6E) mRNA

Authors
  • Dang, Yamei
  • Li, Jia
  • Li, Yuchang
  • Wang, Yuan
  • Zhao, Yajing
  • Zhao, Ningbo
  • Li, Wanying
  • Zhang, Hui
  • Ye, Chuantao
  • Ma, Hongwei
  • Zhang, Liang
  • Liu, He
  • Dong, Yangchao
  • Yao, Min
  • Lei, Yingfeng
  • Xu, Zhikai
  • Zhang, Fanglin
  • Ye, Wei
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Virology
Publisher
American Society for Microbiology
Publication Date
Jan 03, 2024
Volume
98
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1128/jvi.01350-23
Source
ASM Journals
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

The role of N4-acetylcytidine (ac4C) modification in host mRNA and virus replication is not yet fully understood. In this study, the role of ac4C in the regulation of Sindbis virus (SINV), a prototype alphavirus infection, was investigated. SINV infection results in increased levels of N-acetyltransferase 10 (NAT10) and increases the ac4C modification level of cellular RNA. The NAT10 was found to positively regulate SINV infection in an N-acetyltransferase activity-dependent manner. Mechanistically, the NAT10 modifies lymphocyte antigen six family member E (LY6E) mRNA—the ac4C modification site within the 3′-untranslated region (UTR) of LY6E mRNA, which is essential for its translation and stability. The findings of this study demonstrate that NAT10 regulated mRNA stability and translation efficiency not only through the 5′-UTR or coding sequence but also via the 3′-UTR region. The ac4C modification of host mRNA stability instead of viral mRNA impacting the viral life cycle was thus identified, indicating that the inhibition of ac4C could be a potential target when developing alphavirus antivirals.

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