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Na/K-pump and the cell response to mitogenic signal: regulatory mechanisms and relation to the blast transformation of human blood lymphocytes.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Membrane & cell biology
Publication Date
Volume
14
Issue
2
Pages
253–261
Identifiers
PMID: 11093586
Source
Medline

Abstract

It has been shown for the human peripheral blood lymphocytes activated with phytohemagglutinin (PHA) that the cell transition from the resting stage to proliferation is accompanied by an increase in the ouabain-sensitive influx of rubidium between the 16th and 48 hours of activation, which is confined to the growth stage and precedes DNA synthesis. The long-term activation of the Na/K-pump is not the result of the increased intracellular sodium concentration, it is inhibited by cycloheximide, actinomycin D, and alpha-amanitin at concentrations sufficient to inhibit the increase in PHA-induced RNA and protein syntheses. It has been shown for the lymphocytes activated by PHA, phorbol ester, ionomycin, and/or interleukin-2 in the presence or absence of cyclosporin A that the Na/K-pump activation, accompanying the human lymphocyte blast transformation, is due to the cyclosporin A-dependent initiation of interleukin-2 expression.

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