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N-Terminal peptide aldehydes as electrophiles in combinatorial solid phase synthesis of novel peptide isosteres.

Authors
  • Groth, T
  • Meldal, M
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of combinatorial chemistry
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2001
Volume
3
Issue
1
Pages
45–63
Identifiers
PMID: 11148063
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

N-Terminal peptide aldehydes were synthesized on a solid support and utilized as electrophiles in nucleophilic reactions in order to furnish novel and diverse peptide isosteres. The aldehyde moiety of the peptide was synthesized by coupling a protected aldehyde building block to the peptide and deprotecting it quantitatively in less than 3 min. It was found that protection of the two succeeding amide nitrogens was necessary in order to avoid reaction between the aldehyde and backbone amides. The N-terminal peptide aldehydes were successfully reacted in the following way: (a) reductive amination with a large variety of amines, leading to N-alkyl-gamma-aminobutyric peptide isosteres positioned centrally in the peptide; (b) reductive amination with amino esters, leading to N-terminal 2,5-diketopiperazine peptides; (c) Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons olefination, leading to unsaturated peptide isosteres positioned centrally in the peptide; and (d) Pictet-Spengler condensations, leading to tetrahydro-beta-carbolines either positioned centrally in a peptide or fused with a diketopiperazine ring in the N-terminus of the peptide.

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