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Myoelectric activity during small bowel allograft rejection.

Authors
  • Pernthaler, H
  • Kreczy, A
  • Plattner, R
  • Pfurtscheller, G
  • Saltuari, L
  • Schmid, T
  • Ofner, D
  • Klima, G
  • Margreiter, R
Type
Published Article
Journal
Digestive diseases and sciences
Publication Date
Jun 01, 1994
Volume
39
Issue
6
Pages
1216–1221
Identifiers
PMID: 8200253
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The effect of rejection on myoelectric activity of an orthotopically transplanted small intestinal segment (group I, N = 14) was studied. Electrodes were placed on grafts and recipient small bowel. Isografts (group II, N = 5) and native bowel (group III, N = 5) served as controls. The first morphological signs of rejection were seen on day 6 and steadily progressed until day 11, when the cellular infiltrate involved all layers of the bowel wall. Slow-wave frequencies remained unchanged throughout the observation period. No difference was detectable between grafts (group I: 31.9 +/- 1.65; group II: 31.36 +/- 0.7) and native bowel after transection (group I: 32.16 +/- 1.78; group II: 31.50 +/- 1.01), which was different (P = 0.0001) from intact bowel of group III animals (38.4 +/- 0.81). Irregular MMCs were detectable in grafts from day 5 on and replaced after food intake by random spiking activities. At day 8, spiking activities disappeared in allografts, which showed a still preserved mucosal architecture, while slow-wave activities continued. These findings demonstrate that intestinal allografts during rejection develop paralysis before mucosal destruction is established, which might be of clinical relevance.

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