Owing to the method for making total plane preparations of the capsule after A. V. Borisov, it is possible not only to prove presence of myocytes in the capsule and in the trabeculae of the inguinal lymph nodes in the man and rat, but to open out general regularities of their distribution and orientation. In the capsule areas, corresponding to the places, where the lymph nodules are adjacent to (zone A), the number of myocytes is the least. They are oriented in various directions and are in close contact with each other (fascicular-reticulate principle of distribution of myocytes). In the capsule areas, surrounding A zones (named B zones) the myocytes are situated in tight layers and have circulatory orientation. At the place where the afferent lymphatic vessel gets into the capsule, precapsular lymphangion makes an infundibular dilatation and its myocytes along the sloping spiral get into the capsule, where they are arranged circulatory and form a muscular "constrictor". While studying ultrastructure of myocytes in the rat inguinal lymph nodes, it has been found out that their structure is typical for the smooth muscle cells. There are numerous myo-myocytic contacts of nexus type, that unite the myocytes of the node into a single functional complex.