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Myocyte remodeling due to fibro-fatty infiltrations influences arrhythmogenicity

Authors
  • De Coster, Tim
  • Claus, Piet
  • Seemann, Gunnar
  • Willems, Rik
  • Sipido, Karin R
  • Panfilov, Alexander
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2018
Source
Ghent University Institutional Archive
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown
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Abstract

The onset of cardiac arrhythmias depends on the electrophysiological and structural properties of cardiac tissue. Electrophysiological remodeling of myocytes due to the presence of adipocytes constitutes a possibly important pathway in the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation. In this paper we perform an in-silico study of the effect of such myocyte remodeling on the onset of atrial arrhythmias and study the dynamics of arrhythmia sources-spiral waves. We use the Courtemanche model for atrial myocytes and modify their electrophysiological properties based on published cellular electrophysiological measurements in myocytes co-cultered with adipocytes (a 69-87 % increase in APD90 and an increase of the RMP by 2.5-5.5 mV). In a generic 2D setup we show that adipose tissue remodeling substantially affects the spiral wave dynamics resulting in complex arrhythmia and such arrhythmia can be initiated under high frequency pacing if the size of the remodeled tissue is sufficiently large. These results are confirmed in simulations with an anatomically accurate model of the human atria.

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