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Myocardial T1 mapping and extracellular volume quantification as novel biomarkers in risk stratification of patients with systemic sclerosis

  • Bordonaro, V;
  • Bivort, D;
  • Dresselaers, T;
  • De Langhe, E; 35820;
  • Bogaert, J; 8711;
  • Symons, R;
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2021
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AIM: To study the prognostic value of myocardial native T1 and extracellular volume (ECV), measured by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR), in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three SSc patients (16/33 male, 48.5%) were studied using multiparametric CMR including native T1 mapping with ECV calculation, T2 mapping, and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). Patients were followed-up for cardiac death, haemodynamically significant arrhythmia, or heart failure. Results were compared with 33 age- and gender-matched healthy controls. RESULTS: When compared with controls, SSc patients had higher myocardial native T1 (1,058.9±71 versus 989.4±21.4 ms, p<0.001), higher T2 (54.9±5.7 versus 50±2.5 ms, p<0.001), and ECV values (27.9±5.4% versus 24.8±2%, p<0.004). LGE was present in eight patients (24%), two subendocardial, five midwall, and four subepicardial. LGE, native T1, and ECV were significantly associated with adverse events during follow-up in multivariate Cox regression analysis. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated significant divergence of the survival curves based on the presence of elevated native T1 (≥1,069 ms) or ECV (≥31.4%) values. CONCLUSION: Cardiac involvement is frequent in SSc. Both native T1 mapping and ECV represent novel non-invasive markers of myocardial fibrosis and could be used in the risk stratification of patients with SSc. CMR mapping may provide a novel biomarker for disease monitoring and study of therapies aiming to reduce myocardial fibrosis in SSc. / status: published

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