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Mycorrhizal inoculation impact on Acorus calamus L. - An ethnomedicinal plant of western Himalaya and its in silico studies for anti-inflammatory potential.

Authors
  • Verma, Rachna1
  • Kumar, Dinesh2
  • Nagraik, Rupak3
  • Sharma, Avinash3
  • Tapwal, Ashwani4
  • Puri, Sunil1
  • Kumar, Harsh3
  • Kumari, Amita1
  • Nepovimova, Eugenie5
  • Kuca, Kamil6
  • 1 School of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Shoolini University of Biotechnology and Business Management, Solan, Himachal Pradesh, 173229, India. , (India)
  • 2 School of Bioengineering and Food Technology, Shoolini University of Biotechnology and Business Management, Solan, Himachal Pradesh, 173229, India. Electronic address: [email protected] , (India)
  • 3 School of Bioengineering and Food Technology, Shoolini University of Biotechnology and Business Management, Solan, Himachal Pradesh, 173229, India. , (India)
  • 4 Himalayan Forest Research Institute, Shimla, HP, India. , (India)
  • 5 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Hradec Kralove, Hradec Kralove, 50003, Czech Republic. , (Czechia)
  • 6 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Hradec Kralove, Hradec Kralove, 50003, Czech Republic. Electronic address: [email protected] , (Czechia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of ethnopharmacology
Publication Date
Sep 04, 2020
Volume
265
Pages
113353–113353
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jep.2020.113353
PMID: 32891818
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Different plants are used for the treatment of various ailments and Acorus calamus L. is one such plant found in Western Himalaya. Rhizome of this plants has ethnomedicinal significance, as its rhizome is used for curing fever, pain and inflammation. An attempt has been made to alter the phytochemicals and increase its antioxidant property in a sustainable way with the help of mycorrhizal inoculation. Study of mycorrhizal (Funneliformis mosseae) impact on the biological activities and phytochemical profile of A. calamus L. rhizome and in silico studies of phytochemicals for their anti-inflammatory property. F. mosseae was mass multiplied by single spore culture and then A. calamus rhizomes were inoculated with it. Antioxidant potential of rhizome extract was observed by DPPH and FRAP assays and the phytochemical profiling was done with GC-MS analysis. For observing antimicrobial activity disc diffusion method was employed. Dominant phytochemicals α-asarone and monolinolein TMS were chosen for molecular docking studies against four receptors (4COX, 2AZ5, 5I1B, 1ALU). There was increase in antioxidant activity of rhizome extract after mycorrhizal inoculation. However, no change in antimicrobial activity was observed in the plant after mycorrhizal inoculation. The comparison in phytochemicals was observed by GC-MS analysis which showed qualitative and quantitative variation in biochemical content in plants. The phytochemical, α-asarone and monolinolein TMS showed highest docking score and least binding energy against 1ALU and 4COX respectively for anti-inflammatory activity. Medicinal plants are potential source of antioxidants which can be increased by mycorrhizal inoculation without addition of chemical fertilizers and also results in altering the phytochemical composition. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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