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Mutual Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic and the Recent Earthquakes: A Scoping Review of the Lessons Learned.

Authors
  • Sayfouri, Nasrin1
  • Heidari, Mohammad2
  • Miresmaeeli, Seyedeh Samaneh3
  • 1 Associate Professor, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , (Iran)
  • 2 Assistant Processor, Community-Oriented Nursing Midwifery Research Center, Nursing and Midwifery School, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran. , (Iran)
  • 3 PhD Candidate, Department of Health in Emergency and Disaster, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , (Iran)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Disaster medicine and public health preparedness
Publication Date
Mar 23, 2022
Pages
1–34
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1017/dmp.2022.71
PMID: 35317871
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

To review the articles dealing with the mutual impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and the recent earthquakes to elicit the various scopes of the lessons learned including the challenges, the successful measures, and the recommendations. To detect the relevant studies published between February 1, 2020 and June 9, 2021, PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and Google Scholar were searched. Having considered specific inclusion/exclusion criteria, 18 studies were included. Seven major earthquakes have occurred concurrently or before the pandemic era, including Albania, Croatia, Haiti, Great East Japan, Mexico, Nepal, and Utah. Thematic analysis revealed five themes for the 'challenges' (management inefficiency, increased life-threatening, economic, socially-related, and dual psychological challenges); four themes for the 'efficient response measures' (healthcare services measures, government measures, community-based cooperative activities, and disaster management response); and three major themes with seven sub-themes for the 'recommendations' including 'the mitigation phase' (identifying probable natural disasters), 'the preparedness phase' (preparing necessary equipment), and 'the response phase' (mental care response measures, healthcare-related COVID-19 measures, economic improvement measures, recognizing community-based capabilities, and government-related boosting measures). It is suggested that these scopes of the mutual impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and the earthquakes be studied in systematic reviews.

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