Carta, Guy R. (Rutgers, The State University, New Brunswick, N.J.), and Vernon Bryson. Mutants of Escherichia coli variably resistant to bacteriophage T1. J. Bacteriol. 92:1055–1061. 1966.—Mutants resistant to bacteriophage T1 were isolated from ultraviolet (UV)-irradiated cultures of Escherichia coli B/r, a UV-resistant variant. Bacterial populations derived from some of these mutants were partially but not completely resistant to the bacteriophage. Such mutants, designated variably resistant (B/r/1v), could not be obtained from E. coli B. Phage-free mutant populations taken from different stages in growth consisted of significantly different proportions of T1-resistant and T1-sensitive cells. The growth stage-dependent range of variation exceeded 1,000-fold. In broth cultures, the highest proportion of resistant cells consistently appeared at mid-log phase, and the highest proportion of sensitive cells at lag and stationary phases. Comparable evidence for environmentally dependent changes in host-cell phenotype was obtained by efficiency of plating and cloning efficiency analysis tests. Micromanipulation showed that, in clones growing in the presence of phage T1, sensitive bacteria appeared with high frequency and underwent lysis.