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Musical experience limits the degradative effects of background noise on the neural processing of sound.

Authors
  • Parbery-Clark, Alexandra
  • Skoe, Erika
  • Kraus, Nina
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Neuroscience
Publisher
Society for Neuroscience
Publication Date
Nov 11, 2009
Volume
29
Issue
45
Pages
14100–14107
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3256-09.2009
PMID: 19906958
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Musicians have lifelong experience parsing melodies from background harmonies, which can be considered a process analogous to speech perception in noise. To investigate the effect of musical experience on the neural representation of speech-in-noise, we compared subcortical neurophysiological responses to speech in quiet and noise in a group of highly trained musicians and nonmusician controls. Musicians were found to have a more robust subcortical representation of the acoustic stimulus in the presence of noise. Specifically, musicians demonstrated faster neural timing, enhanced representation of speech harmonics, and less degraded response morphology in noise. Neural measures were associated with better behavioral performance on the Hearing in Noise Test (HINT) for which musicians outperformed the nonmusician controls. These findings suggest that musical experience limits the negative effects of competing background noise, thereby providing the first biological evidence for musicians' perceptual advantage for speech-in-noise.

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