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The muscles of the upper airways.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Clinics in chest medicine
Publication Date
Volume
7
Issue
2
Pages
171–188
Identifiers
PMID: 3522067
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The upper airways are a complex structure with multiple functions; many of the muscles participate in the act of respiration. The neural control of upper airway muscles is distinct from that of chest wall muscles under a variety of circumstances. Coordinated activation of upper airway muscles, both regionally and inter-regionally, results in changes in upper airway size and resistance, alterations in the route of airflow, and increases in the ability of the airways to resist collapse. Several disorders have now been described in which neuromuscular drive abnormalities and/or mechanical dysfunction of the upper airways occur, resulting in clinical disease.

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