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Muscles that influence knee flexion velocity in double support: implications for stiff-knee gait.

Authors
  • Goldberg, Saryn R
  • Anderson, Frank C
  • Pandy, Marcus G
  • Delp, Scott L
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Biomechanics
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2004
Volume
37
Issue
8
Pages
1189–1196
Identifiers
PMID: 15212924
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Adequate knee flexion velocity at toe-off is important for achieving normal swing-phase knee flexion during gait. Consequently, insufficient knee flexion velocity at toe-off can contribute to stiff-knee gait, a movement abnormality in which swing-phase knee flexion is diminished. This work aims to identify the muscles that contribute to knee flexion velocity during double support in normal gait and the muscles that have the most potential to alter this velocity. This objective was achieved by perturbing the forces generated by individual muscles during double support in a forward dynamic simulation of normal gait and observing the effects of the perturbations on peak knee flexion velocity. Iliopsoas and gastrocnemius were identified as the muscles that contribute most to increasing knee flexion velocity during double support. Increased forces in vasti, rectus femoris, and soleus were found to decrease knee flexion velocity. Vasti, rectus femoris, gastrocnemius, and iliopsoas were all found to have large potentials to influence peak knee flexion velocity during double support. The results of this work indicate which muscles likely contribute to the diminished knee flexion velocity at toe-off observed in stiff-knee gait, and identify the treatment strategies that have the most potential to increase this velocity in persons with stiff-knee gait.

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