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Muscle-type MM creatine kinase is specifically bound to sarcoplasmic reticulum and can support Ca2+ uptake and regulate local ATP/ADP ratios.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of biological chemistry
Publication Date
Volume
265
Issue
9
Pages
5258–5266
Identifiers
PMID: 2318892
Source
Medline

Abstract

Highly purified fractions of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) were prepared from chicken pectoralis muscles (Saito, A., Seiler, S., Chu, A., and Fleischer, S. (1984) J. Cell Biol. 99, 875-885) and analyzed for the presence of creatine kinase (CK). Vesicles derived from longitudinal SR contained 0.703 +/- 0.428 IU of CK/mg of (SR) protein. Immunogold localization of muscle-type MM-CK on ultrathin cryosections of muscle, after removal of soluble CK, revealed relatively strong in situ labeling of M-CK remaining bound to the M band as well as to the SR membranes. In addition, purified SR vesicles were also labeled by anti-M-CK antibodies, and the peripheral labeling was similar to that observed with anti-Ca2(+)-ATPase antibodies. Only some particulate CK enzyme was released from isolated SR membranes by EDTA/low salt buffer, and CK was resistant to extraction by 0.6 M KCl. Thus, some of the MM-CK present in muscle displays strong associative behavior to the SR membranes. The SR-bound CK was sufficient to support, in the presence of phosphocreatine plus ADP, a significant portion of the maximal in vitro Ca2+ uptake rate. The ATP regeneration potential of SR-bound CK was similar to the rate of Ca2(+)-stimulated ATP hydrolysis of isolated SR vesicles. Thus, CK bound to SR may be physiologically relevant in vivo for regeneration of ATP used by the Ca2(+)-ATPase, as well as for regulation of local ATP/ADP ratios in the proximity of the Ca2+ pump and of other ATP-requiring reactions in the excitation-contraction coupling pathway.

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