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Muscarinic receptor regulation of Ca2+ mobilization in a human salivary cell line.

Authors
  • He, X J
  • Wu, X Z
  • Wellner, R B
  • Baum, B J
Type
Published Article
Journal
Pflügers Archiv : European journal of physiology
Publication Date
Mar 01, 1989
Volume
413
Issue
5
Pages
505–510
Identifiers
PMID: 2787018
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

We have studied receptor-mediated Ca2+ mobilization in an established exocrine epithelial cell line (HSG-PA) derived from a human submandibular gland. These cells possess a single class of high-affinity muscarinic cholinergic receptors identified using [3H]-quinuclidinyl-benzilate (Kd = 0.17 +/- 0.07 nmol/l; Bmax = 37 +/- 2 fmol/mg protein; n = 3). The muscarinic agonist carbachol elicits a concentration dependent increase of [3H]-inositol trisphosphate in HSG-PA cells (100 mumol/l; greater than 2 fold by 30 s). Carbachol also results in a rapid, approximately 5-fold increase in cytosolic [Ca2+]. This response is made up of two components, one arising from the release of intracellular Ca2+ (La3+ insensitive; independent of extracellular [Ca2+]), the other from the entry of extracellular Ca2+ (La3+ sensitive; dependent on extracellular [Ca2+]). These Ca2+ mobilizing mechanisms are completely blocked by the muscarinic antagonist atropine (10 mumol/l) but unaffected by several voltage-dependent Ca2+ channel antagonists (verapamil, nifedipine, diltiazem) and by membrane depolarization (incubation in 55 mmol/l KCl). These results demonstrate that HSG-PA cells respond to muscarinic stimulation by mobilizing Ca2+ from an intracellular store and via a receptor-operated Ca2+ entry pathway.

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