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Multiscale Buffering Engineering in Silicon-Carbon Anode for Ultrastable Li-Ion Storage

  • Hou, Guolin
  • Cheng, Benli
  • Yang, Yijun
  • Du, Yu
  • Zhang, Yihui
  • Li, Baoqiang
  • He, Jiaping
  • Zhou, Yunzhan
  • Yi, Ding
  • Zhao, Nana
  • Bando, Yoshio
  • Golberg, Dmitri
  • Yao, Jiannian
  • Wang, Xi
  • Yuan, Fangli
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2019
Institutional Repository of Institute of Process Engineering, CAS (IPE-IR)
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Silicon-carbon (Si-C) hybrids have been proven to be the most promising anodes for the next-generation lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) due to their superior theoretical capacity (similar to 4200 mAh g(-1)). However, it is still a critical challenge to apply this material for commercial LIB anodes because of the large volume expansion of Si, unstable solid-state interphase (SEI) layers, and huge internal stresses upon lithiation/delithiation. Here, we propose an engineering concept of multiscale buffering, taking advantage of a nanosized Si-C nanowire architecture through fabricating specific microsized wool-ball frameworks to solve all the above-mentioned problems. These wool-ball-like frameworks, prepared at high yields, nearly matching industrial scales (they can be routinely produced at a rate of similar to 300 g/h), are composed of Si/C nanowire building blocks. As anodes, the Si-C wool-ball frameworks show ultrastable Li (+) storage (2000 mAh g(-1) for 1000 cycles), high initial Coulombic efficiency of similar to 90%, and volumetric capacity of 1338 mAh cm(-3). In situ TEM proves that the multiscale buffering design enables a small volume variation, only similar to 19.5%, reduces the inner stresses, and creates a very thin SEI. The perfect multiscale elastic buffering makes this material more stable compared to common Si nanoparticle-assembled counterpart electrodes.

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