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Multiple loop structures critical for ligand binding of the integrin alpha4 subunit in the upper face of the beta-propeller mode 1.

Authors
  • Irie, A
  • Kamata, T
  • Takada, Y
Type
Published Article
Journal
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Publisher
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Publication Date
Jul 08, 1997
Volume
94
Issue
14
Pages
7198–7203
Identifiers
PMID: 9207068
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

A non-I-domain integrin, alpha4beta1, recognizes vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) and the IIICS portion of fibronectin. To localize regions of alpha4 critical for ligand binding, we swapped several predicted loops within or near the putative ligand-binding site of alpha4 (which spans repeats 2-5 of the seven N-terminal repeats) with the corresponding regions of alpha5. Swapping residues 112-131 in repeat 2, or residues 237-247 in repeat 4, completely blocked adhesion to immobilized VCAM-1 and connecting segment 1 (CS-1) peptide. However, swapping residues 40-52 in repeat 1, residues 151-164 in repeat 3, or residues 282-288 (which contain a putative cation binding motif) in repeat 5 did not affect or only slightly reduced adhesion to these ligands. The binding of several function-blocking antibodies is blocked by swapping residues 112-131, 151-164, and 186-191 (which contain previously identified residues critical for ligand binding, Tyr-187 and Gly-190). These results are consistent with the recently published beta-propeller folding model of the integrin alpha4 subunit [Springer, T. A. (1997) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 65-72], in which seven four-stranded beta-sheets are arranged in a torus around a pseudosymmetric axis. The regions of alpha4 critical for ligand binding are adjacent to each other and are located in the upper face, the predicted ligand-binding site, of the beta-propeller model, although they are not adjacent in the primary structure.

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