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Multiple forms of immunoreactive growth hormone-releasing hormone in human plasma, hypothalamus, and tumor tissues.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
Publication Date
Volume
68
Issue
1
Pages
180–185
Identifiers
PMID: 2491860
Source
Medline

Abstract

We examined the nature of GHRH in plasma of normal subjects and patients with acromegaly, hypothalamic tissue, pheochromocytoma, and GHRH-producing pancreatic tumor tissue using two RIAs of different specificity. One assay was a N-terminal assay that recognized GHRH-(1-44)-NH2, GHRH-(1-40)-OH, and GHRH-(1-37)-OH equally, and the other was a C-terminal assay that recognized only the COOH-terminal amidated sequence of GHRH-(1-44)-NH2. GHRH immunoreactivity was detectable in all samples in both assay systems, but the ratios of C- to N-terminal activity differed. The gel filtration profiles of plasma and tumor tissue revealed one peak in (or near) the position of synthetic GHRH-(1-44)-NH2. In contrast, two peaks were found in hypothalamic tissue; a major peak in the position of synthetic GHRH-(1-44)-NH2 and a higher mol wt peak. Ion exchange chromatography of the immunoreactive GHRH material from gel filtration of pooled plasma from normal subjects revealed three components of immunoreactive GHRH, one major peak in the position of GHRH-(1-40)-OH and two minor peaks in the positions of GHRH-(1-44)-NH2 and GHRH-(1-37)-OH. Two components of immunoreactive GHRH, a major peak in the position of GHRH-(1-44)-NH2 and a minor peak in the position of GHRH-(1-40)-OH, were found in hypothalamic tissue and pheochromocytomas. In the two ectopic GHRH-producing pancreatic tumors, three components of immunoreactive GHRH were detected: a major peak in the position of GHRH-(1-40)-OH, a smaller peak in the position of GHRH-(1-37)-OH, and a very small peak of GHRH-(1-44)-NH2. Synthetic GHRH-(1-44)-NH2 was not degraded by plasma during the extraction procedures. These results suggest that 1) the measured immunoreactive GHRH concentration differs when the same samples are measured by RIAs using antisera with different specificities; 2) such differences may be due to the presence of microheterogeneity of immunoreactive GHRH; 3) the microheterogeneity of immunoreactive GHRH in plasma is different from that in the hypothalamus; and 4) the posttranslational processing of GHRH in human hypothalamus is similar to that of pheochromocytomas but different from that of ectopic GHRH-producing pancreatic tumors.

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