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Multiple defects of the nerve growth factor receptor in human neuroblastomas.

Authors
  • Azar, C G
  • Scavarda, N J
  • Reynolds, C P
  • Brodeur, G M
Type
Published Article
Journal
Cell growth & differentiation : the molecular biology journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Publisher
Philadelphia, PA : The Association
Publication Date
Sep 01, 1990
Volume
1
Issue
9
Pages
421–428
Identifiers
PMID: 1963076
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Neuroblastoma is a tumor of postganglionic sympathetic origin, and nerve growth factor (NGF) is normally required for the survival and differentiation of sympathetic neuroblasts. Since the biological activity of NGF is mediated by the NGF receptor (NGFR), we hypothesized that defects in the NGF/NGFR pathway may play a role in maintenance of the undifferentiated state of neuroblastomas. To test this hypothesis, we examined the structure of the NGFR at the DNA, RNA, and protein levels in a panel of 10 neuroblastoma cell lines. In addition, we examined the function of the NGFR in these lines by analysis of NGF binding kinetics, as well as by the ability of NGF to induce c-fos expression and neurite outgrowth. Southern blot analysis showed that all 10 cell lines possess apparently normal NGFR genes. Northern blot and ligand binding/immunoprecipitation assays revealed four receptor-positive cell lines (NGP, NLF, SK-N-SH, and LA-N-6), with NGFR mRNA and protein of expected sizes (3.8 kilobases and Mr approximately 75,000, respectively). NGF binding assays and Scatchard analyses were performed on the four NGFR-positive lines. The NGP line possesses only low-affinity receptor (Kd approximately 3.5 x 10(-9)), whereas the other three lines express both low- and high-affinity forms (Kd approximately 10(-9) and Kd approximately 10(-11), respectively). However, none of the 10 lines exhibited a response to NGF treatment as assayed by c-fos mRNA induction and neurite extension.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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