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A Multimodal Analysis Combining Behavioral Experiments and Survey-Based Methods to Assess the Cognitive Effect of Video Game Playing: Good or Evil?

Authors
  • Jeong, Ji Hyeok1
  • Park, Hyun-Jung1
  • Yeo, Sang-Hoon2
  • Kim, Hyungmin1
  • 1 (H.-J.P.)
  • 2 School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
Type
Published Article
Journal
Sensors
Publisher
MDPI AG
Publication Date
Jun 05, 2020
Volume
20
Issue
11
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/s20113219
PMID: 32517096
PMCID: PMC7308934
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

This study aims to bridge the gap between the discrepant views of existing studies in different modalities on the cognitive effect of video game play. To this end, we conducted a set of tests with different modalities within each participant: (1) Self-Reports Analyses (SRA) consisting of five popular self-report surveys, and (2) a standard Behavioral Experiment (BE) using pro- and antisaccade paradigms, and analyzed how their results vary between Video Game Player (VGP) and Non-Video Game Player (NVGP) participant groups. Our result showed that (1) VGP scored significantly lower in Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS) than NVGP ( p = 0.023), and (2) VGP showed significantly higher antisaccade error rate than NVGP ( p = 0.005), suggesting that results of both SRA and BE support the existing view that video game play has a maleficent impact on the cognition by increasing impulsivity. However, the following correlation analysis on the results across individual participants found no significant correlation between SRA and BE, indicating a complex nature of the cognitive effect of video game play.

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