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Multilevel analysis of site, implant, and patient-level factors with peri-implant bleeding on probing: a cross sectional study

Authors
  • Nettemu, Sunil Kumar1
  • Nettem, Sowmya1
  • Singh, Vijendra Pal1
  • William, Sheila Shirley2
  • Gunasekaran, Shargunan Selvanthan3
  • Krisnan, Malathi4
  • Abas, Adinegara Lutfi1
  • 1 Manipal University College Malaysia, Melaka City, Malaysia , Melaka City (Malaysia)
  • 2 Klinik Pergigian Senawang, Persiaran Senawang 2, Seremban, 70450, Malaysia , Seremban (Malaysia)
  • 3 Klinik Kesihatan Daerah Manjung-Seri Manjung, Perak, 32000, Malaysia , Perak (Malaysia)
  • 4 Klinik Pergigian Kangar, Kangar, Perlis, 01000, Malaysia , Kangar (Malaysia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
International Journal of Implant Dentistry
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Publication Date
Jun 10, 2021
Volume
7
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s40729-021-00315-0
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

AimThis study was to evaluate the association between peri-implant bleeding on probing in peri-implant diseases and its association with multilevel factors (site specific factors, implant factors, and patient level factors).MethodologyA cross-sectional study involved consented adult patients with ≥ 1 dental implant. Two calibrated operators examined the patients. BoP was outcome variable and peri-implant gingival biotype was principal predictor variable. The effects of site, implant, and patient level factors on BoP were assessed using a multilevel logistic regression model.ResultsEighty patients for a total of 119 implants and 714 sites were included in the study. Bleeding on probing was observed in 42 implants (35.29%) with a significant higher risk observed in presence of gingival recession, thin peri-implant gingival biotype, duration of implant placement, smokers, and male patients.ConclusionPeri-implant bleeding on probing was associated with site specific, implant, and patient level factors.

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