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Multicolour photometry of Balloon 090100001: linking the two classes of pulsating hot subdwarfs

  • Baran, A.
  • Pigulski, A.
  • Koziel, D.
  • Ogloza, W.
  • Silvotti, R.
  • Zola, S.
Published Article
Publication Date
Apr 03, 2005
Submission Date
Apr 03, 2005
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2005.09066.x
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We present results of the multicolour UBVR photometry of the high-amplitude EC14026-type star, Balloon 090100001. The data span over a month and consist of more than a hundred hours of observations. Fourier analysis of these data led us to the detection of at least 30 modes of pulsation of which 22 are independent. The frequencies of 13 detected modes group in three narrow ranges, around 2.8, 3.8 and 4.7 mHz, where the radial fundamental mode, the first and second overtones are likely to occur. Surprisingly, we also detect 9 independent modes in the low-frequency domain, between 0.15 and 0.4 mHz. These modes are typical for pulsations found in PG1716+426-type stars, discovered recently among cool B-type subdwarfs. The modes found in these stars are attributed to the high-order g modes. As both kinds of pulsations are observed in Balloon 090100001, it represents a link between the two classes of pulsating hot subdwarfs. At present, it is probably the most suitable target for testing evolutionary scenarios and internal constitution models of these stars by means of asteroseismology. Three of the modes we discovered form an equidistant frequency triplet which can be explained by invoking rotational splitting of an $\ell$ = 1 mode. The splitting amounts to about 1.58 $\mu$Hz, leading to a rotation period of 7.1 $\pm$ 0.1 days.

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