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Multi-wavelength immunoassays using surface plasmon-coupled emission.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biochemical and biophysical research communications
Publication Date
Volume
313
Issue
3
Pages
721–726
Identifiers
PMID: 14697250
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

We describe a new method for multi-wavelength immunoassays using surface plasmon-coupled emission (SPCE). This phenomenon is coupling of excited fluorophores with a nearby thin metal film, in our case silver, resulting in strongly directional emission into the underlying glass substrate. The angle at which the radiation propagate through the prism depends on the surface plasmon angle for the relevant wavelength. These angles depend on emission wavelength, allowing measurement of multiple analytes using multiple emission wavelengths. We demonstrated this possibility using antibodies labeled with either Rhodamine Red-X or AlexaFluor 647. These antibodies were directed against an antigen protein bound to the silver surface. The emission from each labeled antibody occurred at a different angle on the glass prism, allowing independent measurement of surface binding of each antibody. This method of SPCE immunoassays can be readily extended to 4 or more wavelengths.

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