This article presents the results from the 1997 Mozambique Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) that was conducted by the Instituto Nacional de Estatistica, Maputo, Mozambique, within the framework of the DHS Program of Macro International. The data for the nationally representative survey were collected from 9282 households and complete interviews were conducted with 8779 ever-married women aged 15-49 years and 2335 men aged 15-64 years. The interviews took place between March and July 1997. Among the summary statistics presented in this report are fertility trends, fertility differentials, fertility preferences, contraceptive prevalence differentials, and marital and contraceptive status. Summary statistics involving postpartum variables, infant mortality trends, and nutritional status are also provided.