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Motivation to Manage in China and Hong Kong: A Gender Comparison of Managers

Authors
  • Ebrahimi, Bahman P.1
  • Young, Sandra A.
  • Luk, Vivienne W. M.2
  • 1 University of Denver, USA;
  • 2 Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong
Type
Published Article
Journal
Sex Roles
Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2001
Volume
45
Issue
5-6
Pages
433–453
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1023/A:1014369817131
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

Although women comprise an important part of the labor force in Hong Kong and the People's Republic of China (PRC), they remain underrepresented and underutilized in managerial positions. This study investigates the applicability of role motivation theory in the Chinese culture and examines if lack of motivation to manage is a potential explanation for this underrepresentation. Data were collected from 127 Hong Kong (68 men and 59 women) and 175 mainland Chinese (128 men and 47 women) managers. As expected, Hong Kong managers possess significantly higher levels of motivation to manage than do their PRC counterparts. There are, however, no significant gender-based differences in levels of motivation to manage in either Hong Kong or the PRC. Lack of motivation to manage does not appear to contribute to the underutilization of Chinese women in management in Hong Kong and mainland China.

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