A total of 37 species of mosquitoes belonging to nine genera--Anopheles, Aedes, Armigeres, Culex, Harpagomyia, Mansonia, Orthopodomyia, Toxorhynchites and Uranotaenia were collected from Little Andaman Island. Mosquitoes of nine Anopheles group of species--An. barbirostris, An. barbumbrosus, An. balabacensis, An. insulaeflorum, An. kochi, An. philippinensis, An. roperi, An. sundaicus and An. vagus were recorded. An. philippinensis was found to be the most predominant species. Species-specific breeding preference and association in various types of acquatic habitats have been reported. This is the first record of mosquito fauna of Little Andaman Island.