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Mortality response and LC50 values for juvenile and adult crayfish, Procambarus clarkii exposed to Thiodan (insecticide), Treflan, MSMA, Oust (herbicides) and Cutrine-Plus (algicide).

Authors
  • Naqvi, S M
  • Hawkins, R
  • Naqvi, N H
Type
Published Article
Journal
Environmental Pollution
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1987
Volume
48
Issue
4
Pages
275–283
Identifiers
PMID: 15092678
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Toxicities of three herbicides (Treflan, MSMA and Oust), an algicide (Cutrine-plus) and an insecticide (Thiodan) to juvenile (3.0-3.4 cm) and adult (9.0-10.0 cm) crayfish, Procambarus clarkii, were determined by 96 h static bioassays. Freshly prepared 0.01% and 1.0% aqueous stock solutions of these pesticides were diluted to desired concentrations. Mortalities were recorded each day up to 96 h. Aged tap-water was used for preparing all test solutions. Per cent mortalities were analyzed for linear regression and LC(50) values were computed by probit analysis. LC(50) values for juvenile P.clarkii in the descending order of toxicity were: 24 ppb Thiodan, 13 ppm Treflan, 101 ppm MSMA, 461 ppm Cutrine-plus, 12,174 ppm Oust; and for adults these values were: 423 ppb Thiodan, 26 ppm Treflan, 1019 ppm MSMA and 2945 ppm Cutrine-plus. No LC(50) values for adult crayfish could be computed for Oust herbicide which caused no mortalities up to 60,000 ppm concentration. Comparing the overall toxicities of these pesticides, Thiodan was the most toxic to all crayfish; followed by Treflan, MSMA, Cutrine-plus and Oust. Oust was more than 1/2 million times less toxic than Thiodan to juvenile crayfish. Published LC(50) values indicate that freshwater crayfish are more tolerant than marine decapods, Crangon septemspinosa and Mysidopsis bahia, to Thiodan insecticide and Treflan herbicide.

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