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[Mortality among young people and its impact on life expectancy in Andalusia during 1980-1992].

Authors
  • Ruiz Ramos, M1
  • Blanes Lloréns, A
  • Viciana Fernández, F
  • 1 Consejería de Salud de la Junta de Andalucía.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Revista espanola de salud publica
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1997
Volume
71
Issue
2
Pages
139–148
Identifiers
PMID: 9546857
Source
Medline
Language
Spanish
License
Unknown

Abstract

From the middle eighties, mortality in the age group 15 to 39 years in Andalusia has experienced an important increase; the object of this work is to analyse mortality in this age group, in order to discover the causes which have brought about this increase in mortality and to assess its impact on life expectancy in the eighties. Using the mortality data and the population of Andalusia from 1980 to 1992, specific rates have been calculated, both for mortality by age and cause as well as those adjusted for age. To quantify the impact of the causes of death with respect to life expectancy development, the Pollard method was used. There was a relative increase in the mortality of Andalusian young people between the three-yearly periods 1980-1982 and 1990-1992. The causes contributing to this increase, amongst the male population, were: Aids with an excess of 825 deaths, 575 in traffic accidents, 155 suicides and 147 deaths from drug overdoses. These same causes of death led to total losses of 0.46% years in the gain of life expectancy. Amongst women, on the other hand, the causes of death maintained relatively stable rates, with an almost imperceptible effect on life expectancy at birth. The increase in mortality in the 15-40 age group for causes mentioned previously, is an almost exclusive phenomenon amongst young Andalusian men. This produced a slow-down in any gain in life expectancy during the eighties.

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