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Features of Extrinsic Plantar Muscles in Patients with Plantar Fasciitis by Ultrasound Imaging: A Retrospective Case Control Research.

Authors
  • Canosa-Carro, Lorena1
  • López-López, Daniel2
  • García-Sanz, Fernando3
  • Díaz-Meco-Conde, Raquel1
  • García-Bermejo, Paula1
  • de-la-Cruz-Torres, Blanca4
  • Marszalek, Jolanta5
  • Romero-Morales, Carlos1
  • 1 Faculty of Sport Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Villaviciosa de Odón, 28670 Madrid, Spain. , (Spain)
  • 2 Research, Health and Podiatry Group, Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Nursing and Podiatry, Industrial Campus of Ferrol, Universidade da Coruña, 15403 Ferrol, Spain. , (Spain)
  • 3 Department of Physiotherapy, Clínica CEMTRO, 28035 Madrid, Spain. , (Spain)
  • 4 Department of Physiotherapy, University of Seville, Avicena Street, 41009 Seville, Spain. , (Spain)
  • 5 Faculty of Rehabilitation, Jozef Pilsudski University of Physical Education, 00-809 Warsaw, Poland. , (Poland)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Diagnostics
Publisher
MDPI AG
Publication Date
Apr 04, 2022
Volume
12
Issue
4
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/diagnostics12040897
PMID: 35453945
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The present study aimed to compare by ultrasound imaging (USI) the tibial posterior (TP), medial gastrocnemius (MG) and soleus muscle in patients with and without plantar fasciitis (PF). A sample of 42 individuals was recruited and divided into two groups: PF and a healthy group. The thickness, cross-sectional area (CSA), echointensity and echovariation were assessed in both groups by USI. TP, soleus and MG variables did not report differences (p > 0.05) for thickness and CSA. For the echotexture parameters significant differences were found for MG echointensity (p = 0.002), MG echovariation (p = 0.002) and soleus echointensity (p = 0.012). Non-significant differences (p > 0.05) were reported for soleus echovariation, TP echointensity and TP echovariation variables. The thickness and CSA of the TP, GM and soleus muscle did not show significant differences between individuals with and without PF measured by USI. Muscle quality assessment reported an increase of the MG echointensity and echovariation, as well as a decrease of echointensity of the soleus muscle in the PF group with respect to the healthy group. Therefore, the evaluation of the structure and muscle quality of the extrinsic foot muscles may be beneficial for the diagnosis and monitoring the physical therapy interventions.

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