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Morphometric analysis to detect suspected myocardial disease. A pilot study.

Authors
  • Gregory, M A
  • Nel, J P
  • Brouckaert, C J
Type
Published Article
Journal
South African medical journal = Suid-Afrikaanse tydskrif vir geneeskunde
Publication Date
Feb 04, 1989
Volume
75
Issue
3
Pages
106–109
Identifiers
PMID: 2919323
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Myofibres in the normal left ventricle (LVs) of 24 healthy young accident victims and the diseased LVs of 10 subjects who died from constrictive pericarditis or congestive (African) cardiomyopathy were subjected to morphometric evaluation. Each myofibre was represented by a pair of measurements: cross-nuclear fibre (FD) and nuclear (ND) diameters. Using a VIDS image analyser interfaced with a light microscope, 150 paired measurements were determined for each of the 34 specimens. The bivariate relationship between FD and ND for each group of specimens were expressed as linear regressions. The limits for the group distribution of normal specimen FD/ND means were calculated and graphically depicted in the form of an ellipse. Disease specimens were plotted for comparison. Of the normal specimens, 23/24 FD/ND coordinates fell within the "normal' ellipse whereas the altered relationship between FD and ND in pathological myocardia caused all 10 specimen means to be plotted outside the ellipse and their regression lines to be displaced from normal. It is suggested that the normal data define the morphometric parameters of LV myofibres in healthy hearts and create a graphic standard by which myofibre pathology in hearts suspected of disease can be detected.

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