In 50 human embryos at the age of 21 days--12 weeks of development, including the stages X-XXIII and beginning of the fetal period according to Carnegie's classification, spatial-temporal regularities on rearrangement of cellular material in the mesenchymal derivatives of the ocular auxiliary apparatus have been investigated. The main attention has been paid to ascertain the moments, when the first signs of differences appear in the previously homogenous cellular material of the differentiating mesenchyme around the ocular cup and in the eyelids, taking into account appearance of derivates in the ocular auxiliary apparatus: sclera, oculomotor muscles, stroma of the lacrimal gland, cartilagenous laminae in the eyelids and in the orbicular muscle. Regularities of cytochemical differentiation of the mesenchyme and its derivatives have been studied, taking into account the organ's changing topography. Morphometrical investigations of cells in the anlages mentioned are expanded and correlated with the time of their cytochemical differentiation. Correlation of the morphometrical and cytochemical data with the histological investigations has been performed.