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Morniga-G, a T/Tn-Specific Lectin, Induces Leukemic Cell Death via Caspase and DR5 Receptor-Dependent Pathways

Authors
  • Poiroux, Guillaume1
  • Barre, Annick2
  • Simplicien, Mathias2
  • Pelofy, Sandrine2
  • Ségui, Bruno1
  • Van Damme, Els J. M.
  • Rougé, Pierre2
  • Benoist, Hervé2
  • 1 (B.S.)
  • 2 (P.R.)
Type
Published Article
Journal
International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Publisher
MDPI AG
Publication Date
Jan 08, 2019
Volume
20
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/ijms20010230
PMID: 30626136
PMCID: PMC6337360
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Morniga-G, the Gal-specific black mulberry ( Morus nigra ) lectin, displays high affinity for T (CD176) and Tn (CD175) antigens, frequently expressed at the cancer cell surface. The effects of Morniga-G were investigated on a Tn-positive leukemic Jurkat cell line. The lectin, used in a concentration range between 5–20 μg/mL, induced cell death in leukemic Jurkat cells. Microscopic and cytofluorometric analyses indicated that Jurkat cell death was essentially apoptotic, associated with an increase in the ceramide content and a depolarization of the mitochondrial transmembrane potential. This lectin-mediated cell death was inhibited by the pan caspase-inhibitor zVAD. In addition, cleavage of caspases 8, 9, and 3 was observed in Morniga-G-treated Jurkat cells whereas Jurkat cell lines that are deficient in caspase 8–10, caspase 9, or FADD, survived to the lectin-mediated toxicity. Furthermore, in the presence of TRAIL- or DR5-blocking mononoclonal antibodies, Jurkat cells became resistant to Morniga-G, suggesting that the lectin triggers cell death via the TRAIL/DR5 pathway. In silico computer simulations suggest that Morniga-G might facilitate both the DR5 dimerization and the building of TRAIL/DR5 complexes. Finally, upon treatment of Jurkat cells with benzyl-GalNAc, an O -glycosylation inhibitor, a decrease in Tn antigen expression associating with a reduced Morniga-G toxicity, was observed. Taken together, these results suggest that Morniga-G induces the cell death of Tn-positive leukemic cells via concomitant O -glycosylation-, caspase-, and TRAIL/DR5-dependent pathways.

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