Affordable Access

Access to the full text

There are more anatomical variants in heaven and earth, Horatio, than are dreamt of in our philosophy: the precaval left renal artery

  • Capaccio, Enrico1
  • Bertolotto, Michele2
  • Paladini, Andrea3
  • Cecchini, Giulio4
  • Manole, Simona5
  • Dudea, Sorin5
  • Secil, Mustafa6
  • Derchi, Lorenzo E.7
  • 1 AOU IRCCS San Martino IST, Department of Radiology, Radiologia d’Urgenza, Genoa, Italy , Genoa (Italy)
  • 2 University of Trieste, Department of Radiology, Trieste, Italy , Trieste (Italy)
  • 3 Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Policlinico A. Gemelli, Department of Radiology, Rome, Italy , Rome (Italy)
  • 4 Diagnostica per Immagini Ospedaliera, Ospedale Evangelico Internazionale, presidio ospedaliero di Voltri, Genoa, Italy , Genoa (Italy)
  • 5 Univ Med Pharm “Iuliu Hatieganu”, Department of Radiology, Cluj-Napoca, Romania , Cluj-Napoca (Romania)
  • 6 Dokuz Eylul University, Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey , Izmir (Turkey)
  • 7 University of Genoa, Radiologia d’Urgenza, Ospedale Policlinico San Martino IST, Department of Health Sciences (DISSAL), Radiology Section, Largo R. Benzi, 10, Genoa, 16132, Italy , Genoa (Italy)
Published Article
La radiologia medica
Springer Milan
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2019
DOI: 10.1007/s11547-019-00991-4
Springer Nature


AimTo describe the CT findings in eight patients with left-sided inferior vena cava (IVC) in whom the left renal artery presented a precaval course (pLRA).Materials and methodsWe searched the teaching files of six radiology departments for patients with pLRAs. Eight patients were found, and the available imaging studies and clinical histories were reviewed. Associated vascular and renal anomalies were noted.ResultsNo patient had been examined for problems related to the vascular anomaly found. Four had a double IVC and two a solitary left IVC; in all, the left-sided IVCs had hemiazygos continuation. One patient had situs viscerum inversus. In one case, there was a left kidney in left iliac fossa.ConclusionAlthough rare and probably overlooked, a pLRAs can be encountered in patients with situs viscerum inversus or presenting a left-sided IVC with hemiazygos continuation. These vessels can cause technical problems during surgery at the left renal hilum and should be specifically searched for in patients with vascular anomalies.

Report this publication


Seen <100 times