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Mood States of Cardiac Patients: An Indian Perspective

Authors
  • Sharma, Ritu
  • Kandpal, Ajay
Type
Published Article
Journal
Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2013
Volume
113
Pages
26–35
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.007
Source
Elsevier
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

PurposeThe paper explores psychological state of patients with Cardio Vascular Diseases as related to age and gender and empirically compare it with healthy control group subjects. The rationale of this study is to empirically analyze the associations among symptoms, diagnosis and severity of psychological disorder as a preliminary screener for patients with cardio vascular diseases. Design/Methodology/ApproachA total of 100 out patients with cardio vascular diseases with equal representation of gender and age group (30-70 yrs) was selected using quota sampling from a 780 bedded, tertiary level Indian Govt. hospital for cardiac care. For the comparison with experimental group subjects, another group of 100 subjects was selected with matched age, gender and socioeconomic status as a control group which was not showing any sign and symptoms of cardio vascular diseases. All the subjects were exposed to Indian adaptation of original eight state questionnaire (form developed by Curran and Cattell. The age of the subjects ranged from 30-70 years and the duration of cardio vascular diseases symptoms ranged from 1 to 10 years. The patients were informed about the purpose of the study and the consent was taken prior to data collection. History of cardio vascular disease was recorded via a brief case history of subjects of experimental group. The eight state questionnaire (8SQ) has been constructed specifically for measuring eight important emotional state of individuals namely anxiety, stress, depression, regression, fatigue, guilt, extraversion and arousal. It contains 96 items, 12 of which measure each state. The test was given to both the groups to complete in a given time period. FindingsThe result was analyzed between the experimental and control group of the subject, between male and female of experimental group and within the age group of the experimental group. The data showed some of the mood states reflected significant difference between control and experimental and within male and female but no significant difference was found between difference age group of experimental group. Practical Implementation/RecommendationsThe findings from the study propose periodic screening of psychological variables for patients with cardio vascular diseases which can help in better management of cardiac problems.

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