A monoclonal antikeratin antibody, EKH4, was produced from a hybridoma cell line which was established by fusing P3X63SAg8 mouse myeloma cells with spleen cells of mice immunized with human trichilemmoma cells. Immunoblot analysis showed that EKH4 antibody reacts predominantly with 50 kilodalton keratin polypeptide in normal epidermis. By indirect immunofluorescence and immunoperoxidase techniques, EKH4 antibody reacted with the lower 2-3 cell layers of the epidermis as well as most cells of pilosebaceous follicle of human and animal skin. Tumor cells of human basal cell epitheliomas and squamous cell carcinomas were also stained with this antibody. The staining was much more regular and intense compared with an available monoclonal antikeratin antibody, AE1. In the lesion of epidermal proliferative disorders, such as psoriasis and actinic keratosis, the entire epidermis instead of the lower layers was stained with EKH4 antibody. Normal skin overlying or adjacent to epithelial tumors also showed positive staining in the entire epidermis. By using indirect immunoperoxidase technique, EKH4 also stained alcohol-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections.