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Monoclonal antibodies that recognize a polypeptide antigenic determinant shared by multiple Caenorhabditis elegans sperm-specific proteins.

Authors
  • Ward, S
  • Roberts, T M
  • Strome, S
  • Pavalko, F M
  • Hogan, E
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of cell biology
Publication Date
May 01, 1986
Volume
102
Issue
5
Pages
1778–1786
Identifiers
PMID: 2422180
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Four monoclonal antibodies that are directed against antigens present in sperm and absent from other worm tissues were characterized. Antibody TR20 is directed against the major sperm proteins, a family of small, abundant, cytoplasmic proteins that have been previously described (Klass, M. R., and D. Hirsh, 1981, Dev. Biol., 84:299-312; Burke, D. J., and S. Ward, 1983, J. Mol. Biol., 171:1-29). Three other antibodies, SP56, SP150, and TR11, are all directed against the same set of minor sperm polypeptides that range in size from 29 to 215 kD. More than eight different sperm polypeptides are antigenic by both immunotransfer and immunoprecipitation assays. The three antibodies are different immunoglobulin subclasses, yet they compete with each other for antigen binding so they are directed against the same antigenic determinant on the multiple sperm proteins. This antigenic determinant is sensitive to any of six different proteases, is insensitive to periodate oxidation or N-glycanase digestion, and is detectable on a polypeptide synthesized in vitro. Therefore, the antigenic determinant resides in the polypeptide chain. However, peptide fragments of the proteins are not antigenic, thus the determinant is likely to be dependent on polypeptide conformation. The antigenic determinant shared by these proteins could represent a common structural feature of importance to the localization or cellular specificity of these proteins.

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