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Molecular structure differences between the antiviral Nucleoside Analogue 5-iodo-2'-deoxyuridine and the natural nucleoside 2'-deoxythymidine using MP2 and DFT methods: conformational analysis, crystal simulations, DNA pairs and possible behaviour.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of biomolecular structure & dynamics
Publication Date
Volume
32
Issue
5
Pages
831–851
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/07391102.2013.789402
PMID: 23731482
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

5-iodo-2'-deoxyuridine Nucleoside Analogue (IUdR) was the first selective antiviral nucleoside against herpes simplex virus type 1 and 2, and it was also a meaningful anticancer drug. Within a full study of this drug and its possible behaviour, previously, a comprehensive theoretical conformational analysis by MP2 and B3LYP was carried out, and all the possible stable structures were determined with full relaxation of all geometrical parameters. The search located 45 stable structures, and in all them, the whole conformational parameters ([Formula: see text], [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text], P, [Formula: see text]max) were analyzed as well as the NBO natural atomic charges. Comparisons of the conformers with those of the natural Nucleoside 2'-deoxythymidine (dT) were carried out, and the main differences between IUdR and dT were analyzed. The accuracy of the methods used was probed with the simulation of the X-ray crystal data by a tetramer form. Watson-Crick (WC) IUdR/dT···2'-deoxyadenosine pairs were analyzed for the first time using quantum chemical calculations, as well as the mispairing IUdR/dT···2'-deoxyguanosine. As result, it is observed that IUdR give rises to a slightly stronger WC pair and weaker mispairing than those with dT, therefore deforming slightly the DNA axis and difficulting the growth of the DNA virus and consequently, killing it.

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