Affordable Access

Molecular pathology and detection of beta-thalassemias.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Progress in clinical and biological research
0361-7742
Publication Date
Volume
309
Pages
3–11
Identifiers
PMID: 2675099
Source
Medline

Abstract

In this review, we have described the molecular bases accounting for beta, delta beta and gamma delta beta-thalassemias, discussed the molecular mechanisms responsible for the production of mild forms of thalassemia and presented a strategy for detecting beta-thalassemia mutations in each at risk population. The molecular bases of beta-thalassemia are very heterogeneous. The great majority of beta-thalassemias are caused by point mutations affecting the coding region or critical areas of the beta-globin gene and are only rarely produced by gross gene rearrangements. By contrast delta beta and gamma delta beta-thalassemias most commonly result from gross gene deletion. Determinants recognized to date as able to produce mild forms of beta-thalassemias, are beta-thalassemia mutations with a high residual output of beta-globin chain production, coinheritance of alpha-thalassemia or nondeletion HPFH linked or not linked to the beta-globin gene cluster, delta beta thalassemias and specific beta-globin haplotype. Because in each population a restricted number of molecular defect occurs, strategies have been developed to detect the beta-thalassemia mutations in prospective parents in each at risk population. These strategies are based on the direct detection of the mutation by dot blot analysis on enzymatically amplified DNA using a limited number of oligonucleotide probes complementary to the most common mutations in each population.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.

Statistics

Seen <100 times
0 Comments