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Modulation of Macrophage Polarization by Phospholipids on the Surface of Titanium

Authors
  • quan, hongxuan
  • kim, yongjoon
  • lele, wu
  • park, hee-chul
  • yang, hyeong-cheol
Publication Date
Jun 10, 2020
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/molecules25112700
OAI: oai:mdpi.com:/1420-3049/25/11/2700/
Source
MDPI
Keywords
Language
English
License
Green
External links

Abstract

Macrophage polarization has become increasingly important for the improvement of the biocompatibility of biomaterials. In this study, we coated Ti discs with phospholipids (phosphatidylserine/phosphatidylcholine [4:1 mole/mole]) by evaporating the solvent under vacuum, and observed the polarization of RAW 264.7 cells cultured on the discs. The coated discs were hydrated before cell culture was added. The shape of the hydrated phospholipids varied with the concentration of loaded phospholipids: a perforated layer (0.1 mM), tubules and spheres (1 mM), and spheres (10 mM). RAW 264.7 cells exhibited different morphologies, depending on the concentration of phospholipids. On the coated discs, the gene expression and protein release of TGF-&beta / 1, VEGF, Arg-1, and TNF-&alpha / were downregulated, especially with 10 mM phospholipids. The stimulation of mRNA expression and the protein release of those genes by IL-4 and LPS were also disturbed on the phospholipid-coated discs. In conclusion, the polarization of RAW 264.7 cells was prevented by hydrated phospholipids on Ti discs.

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