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Modified PFGE protocol for improving typeability of DNA degradation susceptible nosocomial Klebsiella pneumoniae.

Authors
  • Zakaria, Amira M1
  • Hassuna, Noha A2
  • 1 Department of Medical Microbiology, Biotechnology Research Institute, Suez Canal University, Egypt. , (Egypt)
  • 2 Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Egypt. , (Egypt)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Medical Microbiology
Publisher
Microbiology Society
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2019
Volume
68
Issue
12
Pages
1787–1792
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1099/jmm.0.001093
PMID: 31661052
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Introduction. PFGE is the 'gold standard' method for bacterial subtyping. However, many strains are non-typable by this approach because of DNA degradation by nucleases action.Aim. To evaluate a modified PFGE protocol for typing nosocomial isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae.Methods. Twenty- five K. pneumoniae isolates previously exposed to DNA degradation were used to optimize an extraction method for elimination of DNases activity before applying Xba1 enzyme. Introducing of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) in different concentrations to the extraction buffer was evaluated for protecting genomic DNA molecule from degradation by nucleases.Results. Addition of 3 % SDS in combination with 3 % N-lauryl sarcosine to the extraction buffer was found to reduce the previously experienced nuclease activity. Pre-examination of plug quality prior to the digestion phase could efficiently reduce the expense of the wasted enzyme.Conclusion. We have successfully devised a PFGE protocol that enhanced the typeability of nosocomial K. pneumoniae.

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