The effects of Concanavalin A have been assessed on the growth of articular cultured chondrocytes. A differential action in relation with cellular density has been observed. Concanavalin A (0.02, 0.2 and 2 micrograms/ml) exerted a stimulating effect on low density cultures, whereas it depressed the cell growth curve with high cell density cultures, especially at the concentration of 2 micrograms/ml. Such a discrepancy in the behaviour of cells related to the density does not seem to have been previously observed with chondrocytes. It could be explained by a modification of the accessibility of Concanavalin A receptors.