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Moderating Factors Associated With Interrupting the Transmission of Domestic Violence Among Adolescents.

Authors
  • Genç, Emel1
  • Su, Yile1
  • Durtshi, Jared1
  • 1 Kansas State University, Manhattan, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of interpersonal violence
Publication Date
May 01, 2021
Volume
36
Issue
9-10
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/0886260518801018
PMID: 30239275
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Exposure to child maltreatment in the family-of-origin has consistently been linked to intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration in adulthood. Although the concept of a cycle of violence presumes that the transmission of violence is expressed directly across generations, some protective factors such as social support, self-esteem, and relationship quality with parents may ultimately be influential in nonviolent behavior in adult relationships. Using the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health data set, we tested protective factors to see if and to what extent they disrupted the association from early childhood maltreatment to experiencing violence later on in adult relationships. We found that there was a positive association between adolescence exposure to maltreatment and adult perpetration and victimization of IPV. Also, social support in adolescence was identified as a predictor of lower levels of violence in adult relationship. Clinical implications were discussed to help therapists intervene with adolescents in the hopes of reducing their propensity toward violent relationships in adulthood.

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