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Modelling cavitation erosion using fluid-material interaction simulations.

Authors
  • Chahine, Georges L1
  • Hsiao, Chao-Tsung1
  • 1 Dynaflow, Inc. , 10621-J Iron Bridge Road, Jessup, MD , USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Interface focus
Publication Date
Oct 06, 2015
Volume
5
Issue
5
Pages
20150016–20150016
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1098/rsfs.2015.0016
PMID: 26442140
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Material deformation and pitting from cavitation bubble collapse is investigated using fluid and material dynamics and their interaction. In the fluid, a novel hybrid approach, which links a boundary element method and a compressible finite difference method, is used to capture non-spherical bubble dynamics and resulting liquid pressures efficiently and accurately. The bubble dynamics is intimately coupled with a finite-element structure model to enable fluid/structure interaction simulations. Bubble collapse loads the material with high impulsive pressures, which result from shock waves and bubble re-entrant jet direct impact on the material surface. The shock wave loading can be from the re-entrant jet impact on the opposite side of the bubble, the fast primary collapse of the bubble, and/or the collapse of the remaining bubble ring. This produces high stress waves, which propagate inside the material, cause deformation, and eventually failure. A permanent deformation or pit is formed when the local equivalent stresses exceed the material yield stress. The pressure loading depends on bubble dynamics parameters such as the size of the bubble at its maximum volume, the bubble standoff distance from the material wall and the pressure driving the bubble collapse. The effects of standoff and material type on the pressure loading and resulting pit formation are highlighted and the effects of bubble interaction on pressure loading and material deformation are preliminarily discussed.

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